Impact of Micronutrients on Health and Brain Activity in Women of
Ms. Pooja Panchal (SIU-JRF)
Micronutrients are vital nutrients required in smaller amounts by the body to
perform normal physiological, metabolic functions along with influencing the
structural and functional brain activities. Several micronutrients such as iron,
iodine, zinc, folate, vitamin B12, calcium, and n-3 fatty acids have been linked
to maternal mental health and wellbeing.
Implications of Micronutrient Deficiencies Throughout Lifecycle
Ms. Surabhi Singh (SIU JRF)
Malnutrition refers to the deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in an
individual’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. Presently, malnutrition remains
the world's major public health problem. Over-nutrition (overweight and
obesity), under-nutrition, and micronutrient (vitamins and minerals)
deficiencies are different forms of malnutrition that influence people across
Exosomes, small spherical shaped vesicles (50 to 150nm in size) are secreted by
almost all types of cells in the body, and thus, are found in the body fluids.
Currently, studies on exosomes form a hot topic of research in the field of
Genome Annotation is the process to identify, analyze and interpret the relevant
information related to the raw DNA sequences. Genome Annotation helps to extract
structural location and biological functions of genes.
For a long time, there was an assumption that bacteria exist as individual cells.
The discovery of intercellular 'talking' among the bacteria led to the
realisation that bacteria are capable of synchronised activity that was once
believed to be restricted to multicellular organisms.
The advancements in science and technology have made it possible for the
neuroscientists to understand microscale function of single neurons as well as
the macro scale activity of the human brain. However, a comprehensive
understanding of the brain still remains an elusive goal.
Drug delivery is the method of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve
a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. A suitable amount of the active drug
must be absorbed and transported to the site of action at the right time and in
right concentrations (therapeutic range).
Silk Biomaterials: A Revolution in Tissue Engineering and Regeneration
Mr. Piyush Raut
The word 'Silk' makes us think first of glossy & shiny fabrics. The application
of silk in medical field started in the nineteenth century when it replaced
traditional metal wires as a suture material. Silkworms, with the help of
epithelial cells in specialized glands, secrete 2 silk proteins – outer
'sericin' & inner core 'fibroin'.
Nutrigenomics can be defined as research focussed on identification of
interactions between dietary bioactive compounds and nutrients with genome at a
molecular level. This branch of science deals with the concept of personalised
nutrition based on an individual's genotype and phenotype.
Human beings are born heterogeneous in genomic level with no two persons having
identical DNAs. Even identical twins do not have the same DNA. No two human are
alike and thus "one-size-fits-all" approach to medicine is not acceptable.
In the last few years, numerous studies have shown that modest exposure to
sunlight may actually be good for you, helping the body to produce vitamin D. It
needs to keep bones healthy and protect against many diseases.
Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity: Adipokines the molecular link
Mrs. Joyita Banerjee (SIU JRF)
Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity have become emerging health
challenges in the developed and developing nations. T2DM and obesity both are
the growing problems in India. According to the International Federation of
Diabetes, that India will become a home for 109 million of diabetic people by
2035 from 65.1 million in 2013.
A Greek word ‘Pro-bios’ means ‘for life’, derived the word ‘Probiotic’. They are
known to have role in maintaining intestinal microflora, strengthening host
immune system and also maintaining health and wellbeing of the consumer.
Bioactive Lipids for Health - a Nutritionist's Outlook
Mrs. Harshada Thakur (UGC JRF)
Fats and oils are integral parts of healthy diets. Fatty acids are the building
blocks of various lipids and are classified into 3 groups – saturated fatty
acids (SFAs), monosaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) and polyunsaturated fatty acids
Stem cells: Therapeutic Potential and Research Challenges
Mr. Ashwin Wadaskar (SIU JRF)
Stem cells have the potential to generate different cell types in our body. They
are undifferentiated cells and have the self renewal capacity. Under certain
physiological or experimental conditions, stem cells can be induced to become
tissue or organ-specific cells with stipulated functions.